Hematology in horses
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The cardiovascular system is the plumbing of the body. This is the system that distributes food, oxygen, communication molecules (hormones), repair and maintenance molecules (enzymes) and defense cells (first responders and police investigators). It is also responsible for taking out the trash and delivering it to the filters of the body (liver and kidneys) and returning messages from the body’s organs back to the brain or to other organs. The system is constantly monitored so that the pressure is maintained or increased when the body is needing more materials (exercise, illness), the density is measured (hydration) and the temperature both locally (heat in a limb) or systemically (fever) is adjusted.
Blood, like any liquid, falls to the lowest point. When the liquid part of blood leaks out of the blood vessels, it always gravitates to the low point. It is usually a sign of general body inflammation that caused the vessels to leak.
Hematomas And Seromas In Horses
[x_alert type=“info” close=”false” heading=”Overview”]Though rare in horses, the chief complaint can be a blue tongue.[/x_alert]
Small red spots on the gums and mucous membranes behind the lips indicates inflammation of the blood vessels in the horse causing them to leak small patches of blood into the surrounding tissue.
The sheath is at the farthest point from the heart and damage to the blood flow in castrated males can sometimes prevent the normal flow of blood leading to swelling (edema) of the sheath.
Stocking Up In Horses
The veins of horses normally do not have obstructions but when they become occluded either partially or fully, then the blood flow ceases and they become enlarged. the blockage is usually a blood clot called a thrombosis.
Inflammation of the lymphatic system can be severe and life threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
This is the viral disease that the Coggins blood test was made to discover. A negative test is required for travel of the change of ownership in the US. It caused an anemia that can be fatal.